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. 2002 Feb;269(4):1316-22.
doi: 10.1046/j.1432-1033.2002.02774.x.

Ornithine Decarboxylase-Antizyme Is Rapidly Degraded Through a Mechanism That Requires Functional Ubiquitin-Dependent Proteolytic Activity

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Ornithine Decarboxylase-Antizyme Is Rapidly Degraded Through a Mechanism That Requires Functional Ubiquitin-Dependent Proteolytic Activity

Shilpa Gandre et al. Eur J Biochem. .
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Abstract

Antizyme is a polyamine-induced cellular protein that binds to ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), and targets it to rapid ubiquitin-independent degradation by the 26S proteasome. However, the metabolic fate of antizyme is not clear. We have tested the stability of antizyme in mammalian cells. In contrast with previous studies demonstrating stability in vitro in a reticulocyte lysate-based degradation system, in cells antizyme is rapidly degraded and this degradation is inhibited by specific proteasome inhibitors. While the degradation of ODC is stimulated by the presence of cotransfected antizyme, degradation of antizyme seems to be independent of ODC, suggesting that antizyme degradation does not occur while presenting ODC to the 26S proteasome. Interestingly, both species of antizyme, which represent initiation at two in-frame initiation codons, are rapidly degraded. The degradation of both antizyme proteins is inhibited in ts20 cells containing a thermosensitive ubiquitin-activating enzyme, E1. Therefore we conclude that in contrast with ubiquitin-independent degradation of ODC, degradation of antizyme requires a functional ubiquitin system.

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