Innate differences in tumour necrosis factor (TNF) production have been associated with susceptibility for and outcome of inflammatory diseases. Several studies have tried to identify whether polymorphisms in or near the TNF gene or other markers on the short arm of chromosome 6 (6p21) are related to differences in TNF production. Data on these associations are conflicting. Therefore, we conducted a study among 129 healthy individuals in which TNF production was determined upon stimulation with endotoxin in whole blood cultures. TNFa microsatellite, TNF single nucleotide polymorphisms at position +489, -238, -308 and -376 typing was performed. The data revealed that alleles of TNFa microsatellite and carriership of TNF polymorphisms were not related to TNF production. We conclude that the genes determing the differences in endotoxin-induced TNF production have not been yet identified.