Background: Topical corticosteroids are useful for the treatment of pediatric dermatoses. However, concerns regarding possible systemic and topical toxicities have limited the use of moderate-potency corticosteroids in children.
Objective: Our purpose was to characterize the safety of fluticasone propionate cream in children.
Methods: Children between 3 months and 5 years 11 months (n = 32) and 3 up to 6 years of age (n = 19) with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis (> or =35% body surface area; mean body surface area treated, 64%) were treated with fluticasone propionate cream, 0.05% twice daily for 3 to 4 weeks. Serum cortisol response, fluticasone levels, skin changes, and adverse events were analyzed.
Results: Mean cortisol levels were similar at baseline (13.76 +/- 6.94 microg/dL prestimulation and 30.53 +/- 7.23 microg/dL poststimulation) and at end of treatment (12.32 +/- 6.92 microg/dL prestimulation and 28.84 +/- 7.16 microg/dL poststimulation). Only 2 of 43 children had end-treatment poststimulation values less than 18.0 microg/dL. No significant adverse cutaneous effects were noted.
Conclusion: Fluticasone propionate cream 0.05% appears to be safe for the treatment of severe eczema for up to 4 weeks in children 3 months of age and older.