Background: Catecholamines and many inotropic agents increase cardiac contractility but also cause excessive myocardial O2 consumption (MVO2). We determined if the novel Na+ channel enhancer LY341311, which increases myocardial contractility independent of beta receptors, can produce significant cardiac inotropic effects compared with dobutamine but at lower oxygen cost in conscious dogs.
Methods and results: Mongrel dogs were chronically instrumented for measurement of arterial pressure, left ventricular (LV) pressure and internal diameter, coronary blood flow, and arterial and coronary sinus O2 content. Both LY341311 and dobutamine produced dose-dependent increases in LV dP/dt, dP/dt/40, fractional shortening, and cardiac stroke work and minute work estimated from the LV pressure-diameter loop. The major difference between LY341311 and dobutamine was an opposing effect on heart rate with LY341311 slightly reducing it but dobutamine markedly increasing it. LY341311 caused a significantly smaller increase in MVO2 than dobutamine (P <.05) and produced similar cardiac inotropic effects, yielding a higher cardiac mechanical efficiency than dobutamine. However, after pacing to match heart rate with dobutamine LY341311 increased MVO2 markedly, approaching the same level as with dobutamine.
Conclusions: The novel Na+ channel enhancer LY341311 caused significant increases in myocardial contractility and contractile performance without increasing heart rate. It had a beneficial energetic effect on the heart with significantly less O2 cost and improved cardiac mechanical efficiency.