Guidelines for the laboratory use of autoantibody tests in the diagnosis and monitoring of autoimmune rheumatic diseases

Am J Clin Pathol. 2002 Feb;117(2):316-24. doi: 10.1309/Y5VF-C3DM-L8XV-U053.


The Italian Society of Laboratory Medicine Study Group on the Diagnosis of Autoimmune Diseases has generated a series of guidelines for the laboratory diagnosis and monitoring of systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases intendedfor the use of clinical pathologists and laboratory physicians. These guidelines are based on a systematic review of published works and expert panel discussion and consist of 13 recommendations for antinuclear antibodies, anti-double-stranded native DNA, and antinuclear specific antibodies. To improve analytic performances and help select the most appropriate test for specific autoantibodies, as well as provide education and guidance in the use of these tests, special emphasis is placed on laboratory methods.

Publication types

  • Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Antibodies, Antinuclear / analysis
  • Antibodies, Antinuclear / blood
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / blood
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / diagnosis
  • Arthritis, Rheumatoid / immunology
  • Autoantibodies / analysis*
  • Autoantibodies / blood
  • Autoimmune Diseases / blood
  • Autoimmune Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Autoimmune Diseases / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Immunologic Tests / methods
  • Immunologic Tests / standards*
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / blood
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / diagnosis
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / immunology
  • Monitoring, Immunologic / methods
  • Monitoring, Immunologic / standards
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Reference Values


  • Antibodies, Antinuclear
  • Autoantibodies