RNAi related mechanisms affect both transcriptional and posttranscriptional transgene silencing in Drosophila

Mol Cell. 2002 Feb;9(2):315-27. doi: 10.1016/s1097-2765(02)00440-9.

Abstract

Two types of transgene silencing were found for the Alcohol dehydrogenase (Adh) transcription unit. Transcriptional gene silencing (TGS) is Polycomb dependent and occurs when Adh is driven by the white eye color gene promoter. Full-length Adh transgenes are silenced posttranscriptionally at high copy number or by a pulsed increase over a threshold. The posttranscriptional gene silencing (PTGS) exhibits molecular hallmarks typical of RNA interference (RNAi), including the production of 21--25 bp length sense and antisense RNAs homologous to the silenced RNA. Mutations in piwi, which belongs to a gene family with members required for RNAi, block PTGS and one aspect of TGS, indicating a connection between the two types of silencing.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters*
  • Alcohol Dehydrogenase / genetics*
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Argonaute Proteins
  • Chromatin / genetics
  • Drosophila Proteins / genetics
  • Drosophila Proteins / physiology*
  • Drosophila melanogaster / genetics*
  • Eye Color / genetics
  • Eye Proteins / physiology
  • Gene Expression Regulation / genetics*
  • Gene Silencing*
  • Insect Proteins / physiology
  • Multigene Family
  • Polycomb Repressive Complex 1
  • Proteins / genetics
  • Proteins / physiology*
  • RNA Processing, Post-Transcriptional*
  • RNA, Double-Stranded / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • RNA, Untranslated / genetics*
  • RNA-Induced Silencing Complex
  • Transcription, Genetic / genetics*
  • Transgenes

Substances

  • ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters
  • Argonaute Proteins
  • Chromatin
  • Drosophila Proteins
  • Eye Proteins
  • Insect Proteins
  • Pc protein, Drosophila
  • Proteins
  • RNA, Double-Stranded
  • RNA, Messenger
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • RNA, Untranslated
  • RNA-Induced Silencing Complex
  • piwi protein, Drosophila
  • w protein, Drosophila
  • Alcohol Dehydrogenase
  • Polycomb Repressive Complex 1