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, 131 (3), 569-74

Generation and Application of Chicken Egg-Yolk Antibodies


Generation and Application of Chicken Egg-Yolk Antibodies

M Tini et al. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol.


Despite the fact that the use of chicken as immunization host brings many advantages to the production of polyclonal antibodies, the generation of egg yolk immunoglobulins (IgY) is rarely chosen. In this review, we report on the fast and efficient method for generation and affinity purification of IgY, in this case raised against the alpha-subunit of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1). The IgY antibody was successfully applied in a variety of methods and a number of different species for HIF-1alpha detection. In electrophoretic mobility shift assays, the IgY antibody recognized the native HIF-1 complex. The IgY antibody also detected HIF-1alpha protein on Western blots with extracts derived from human, monkey, pig, dog and mouse cell lines grown under hypoxic conditions. Immunofluorescence and immunoprecipitation experiments using the IgY antibody allowed detection and subcellular localization of HIF-1alpha in the nuclei of hypoxic cells. Chicken antibody production brings great benefit concerning the welfare of the immunized animals, due to non-invasive antibody harvesting with the added convenience of simple egg collection. An additional advantage is the fast and simple IgY isolation from egg yolk. IgY technology is a great improvement and should be considered as a good alternative to conventional polyclonal antibody production in mammals.

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