Fetal growth and the fetal origins hypothesis in twins--problems and perspectives

Twin Res. 2001 Oct;4(5):327-31. doi: 10.1375/1369052012669.


Although there is substantial evidence from studies of singletons that small size at birth is linked with long-term adverse health effects, until recently little was known as to whether these associations extend to twins. A review of published studies suggests that at present there is little consistent evidence that birthsize in twins is associated with increased morbidity or morality. While, these findings may reflect methodological limitations, it is also argued that they arise as a consequence of the substantially different biology of fetal growth in twins.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Birth Weight
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology*
  • Diseases in Twins / etiology*
  • Embryonic and Fetal Development / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Metabolic Diseases / etiology*
  • Placental Insufficiency / complications*
  • Pregnancy