CD36, serves as a receptor for advanced glycation endproducts (AGE)

J Diabetes Complications. Jan-Feb 2002;16(1):56-9. doi: 10.1016/s1056-8727(01)00208-2.

Abstract

Interaction of advanced glycation endproducts (AGE) with AGE receptors induces several cellular phenomena relating potentially to diabetic complications. Five AGE receptors identified so far are receptor for AGE (RAGE), 80 K-H, OST-48, galectin-3, and macrophage scavenger receptor, types I and II (SR-A) [Eur. J. Biochem. 230 (1995) 408; Nature 386 (1997) 292.]. Since SR-A is known to belong to the class A scavenger receptor family and the scavenger receptor collectively represents a family of multiligand lipoprotein receptors, it is possible that CD36 belonging to class B scavenger receptor family (SR-B) can recognize AGE proteins as a ligand. This was tested in the present study at the cellular level by using Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells overexpressing human CD36 (CHO-CD36 cells). 125I-AGE-bovine serum albumin (BSA) was endocytosed in a dose-dependent fashion and underwent lysosomal degradation by CHO-CD36, but not wild-type CHO cells. Endocytic uptake of 125I-AGE-BSA by these cells was inhibited 50% by oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) and 60% by FA6-152, an anti-CD36 antibody inhibiting cellular binding of Ox-LDL. Our results indicate that CD36 expressed by these cells mediates endocytic uptake and subsequent intracellular degradation of AGE proteins. Since CD36 is one of the major Ox-LDL receptors and is up-regulated in macrophage- and smooth muscle cell-derived foam cells in human atherosclerotic lesions, the present results suggest that, like Ox-LDL, AGE proteins generated in situ are recognized by CD36, which might contribute to the pathogenesis of diabetic macrovascular complications.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biological Transport
  • CD36 Antigens / physiology*
  • CHO Cells
  • Cricetinae
  • Endocytosis
  • Glycation End Products, Advanced / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins*
  • Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products
  • Receptors, Immunologic / physiology*
  • Receptors, Lipoprotein*
  • Receptors, Scavenger
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Scavenger Receptors, Class A
  • Scavenger Receptors, Class B
  • Transfection

Substances

  • CD36 Antigens
  • Glycation End Products, Advanced
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products
  • Receptors, Immunologic
  • Receptors, Lipoprotein
  • Receptors, Scavenger
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • SCARB1 protein, human
  • Scarb1 protein, mouse
  • Scavenger Receptors, Class A
  • Scavenger Receptors, Class B