Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 96 (3), 699-704

The Diverse Actions of Volatile and Gaseous Anesthetics on Human-Cloned 5-hydroxytryptamine3 Receptors Expressed in Xenopus Oocytes

Affiliations

The Diverse Actions of Volatile and Gaseous Anesthetics on Human-Cloned 5-hydroxytryptamine3 Receptors Expressed in Xenopus Oocytes

Takahiro Suzuki et al. Anesthesiology.

Abstract

Background: General anesthetics can modulate the 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 (5-HT3) receptor, which may be involved in processes mediating nausea and vomiting, and peripheral nociception. The effects of the new volatile anesthetic sevoflurane and the gaseous anesthetics nitrous oxide (N2O) and xenon (Xe) on the 5-HT3 receptor have not been well-characterized.

Methods: Homomeric human-cloned 5-HT3A receptors were expressed in Xenopus oocytes. The effects of halothane, isoflurane, sevoflurane, N2O, and Xe on 5-HT-induced currents were studied using a two-electrode, voltage clamping technique.

Results: Halothane (1%) and isoflurane (1%) potentiated 1 mum 5-HT-induced currents to 182 +/- 12 and 117 +/- 2%, respectively. In contrast, sevoflurane (1%), N2O (70%), and Xe (70%) inhibited 5-HT-induced currents to 76 +/- 1, 77 +/- 4, and 34 +/- 4%, respectively. The inhibitory effects were noncompetitive for sevoflurane and competitive for N2O and Xe. None of these inhibitory effects showed voltage dependency.

Conclusion: Inhalational general anesthetics produce diverse effects on the 5-HT3 receptor. Both halothane and isoflurane enhanced 5-HT3 receptor function in a concentration-dependent manner, which is consistent with previous studies. Sevoflurane inhibited the 5-HT3 receptor noncompetitively, whereas N2O and Xe inhibited the 5-HT3 receptor competitively, suggesting the inhibitory mechanism of sevoflurane might be different from those of N2O and Xe.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 15 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

MeSH terms

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback