The agonist-induced internalization of several G protein-coupled receptors is an obligatory requirement for their activation of MAPKs. Studies on the relationship between endocytosis of the angiotensin II (Ang II) type 1 receptor (AT1-R) and Ang II-induced ERK1/2 activation were performed in clone 9 (C9) rat hepatic cells treated with inhibitors of endocytosis [sucrose, phenylarsine oxide (PAO), and concanavalin A]. Although Ang II-induced endocytosis of the AT1-R was prevented by sucrose and PAO, and was partially inhibited by concanavalin A, there was no impairment of Ang II-induced ERK activation. However, the specific epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) kinase inhibitor, AG1478, abolished Ang II-induced activation of ERK1/2. Sucrose and PAO also inhibited EGFinduced internalization of the EGF-R in C9 cells, and the inability of these agents to impair EGF-induced ERK activation suggested that the latter is also independent of receptor endocytosis. In COS-7 cells transiently expressing the rat AT1A-R, Ang II also caused ERK activation through EGF-R transactivation. Furthermore, a mutant AT1A-R with truncated carboxyl terminus and impaired internalization retained full ability to activate ERK1/2 in response to Ang II stimulation. These findings demonstrate that Ang II-induced ERK1/2 activation in C9 hepatocytes is independent of both AT1-R and EGF-R endocytosis and is mediated by transactivation of the EGF-R.