Induction of lipolysis in murine white adipocytes, and stimulation of adenylate cyclase in adipocyte plasma membranes, by a tumour-produced lipid mobilizing factor, was attenuated by low concentrations (10(-7)--10(-5)M) of the specific beta3-adrenoceptor antagonist SR59230A. Lipid mobilizing factor (250 nM) produced comparable increases in intracellular cyclic AMP in CHOK1 cells transfected with the human beta3-adrenoceptor to that obtained with isoprenaline (1 nM). In both cases cyclic AMP production was attenuated by SR59230A confirming that the effect is mediated through a beta3-adrenoceptor. A non-linear regression analysis of binding of lipid mobilizing factor to the beta3-adrenoceptor showed a high affinity binding site with a Kd value 78 +/- 45 nM and a B(max) value (282 +/- 1 fmole mg protein(-1)) comparable with that of other beta3-adrenoceptor agonists. These results suggest that lipid mobilizing factor induces lipolysis through binding to a beta3-adrenoceptor.
Copyright 2002 The Cancer Research Campaign