Review of feline pancreatitis part one: the normal feline pancreas, the pathophysiology, classification, prevalence and aetiologies of pancreatitis

J Feline Med Surg. 2001 Sep;3(3):117-24. doi: 10.1053/jfms.2001.0129.


The cellular mechanisms involved once pancreatitis has been initiated are reasonably well understood. The events leading up to this process are less well established. Much of our current understanding of pancreatitis in cats has been determined from experiments in cats or extrapolated from other species. The normal anatomy and function of the pancreas and a review of the current state of knowledge about the pathophysiology of pancreatitis is discussed. The current prevalence of feline pancreatitis is unknown, but the disease is being reported with increasing frequency. The aetiology of pancreatitis and the types of pancreatic inflammation present in cats is different from other species, such as the dog, a species where the disease is considered more common. Concurrent diseases are often present that may be more serious than the pancreatic inflammation and the treatment of these diseases is often complicated by pancreatitis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Australia / epidemiology
  • Cat Diseases / classification
  • Cat Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Cat Diseases / etiology*
  • Cat Diseases / physiopathology
  • Cats
  • Pancreatitis / epidemiology
  • Pancreatitis / etiology
  • Pancreatitis / veterinary*
  • Prevalence