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, 99 (6), 1913-21

BCR Ligation Reprograms B Cells for Migration to the T Zone and B-cell Follicle Sequentially

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BCR Ligation Reprograms B Cells for Migration to the T Zone and B-cell Follicle Sequentially

Montserrat Casamayor-Pallejà et al. Blood.

Abstract

We have studied the impact of B-cell receptor (BCR) or CD40 ligation on the in vitro chemotactic response of tonsillar B cells to 4 chemokines: stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1alpha, macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-3alpha, MIP-3beta, and B-cell-attracting chemokine (BCA)-1. In the tonsil, SDF-1 and MIP-3alpha are both expressed in the crypt epithelium, while MIP-3beta is found in the T zone and BCA-1 in the follicles. Resting virgin and memory B cells display a similar chemotaxis pattern, and they both have the potential to migrate in vitro to all 4 chemokines studied. This pattern of responsiveness is strongly modified by a surrogate antigen (Ag) but is not altered by CD40 ligand. We report here that surrogate Ag induces a profound and sustained suppression of the response to the crypt chemokines SDF-1alpha and MIP-3alpha, while it exacerbates the migratory response to MIP-3beta. The effect of surrogate Ag on the response to BCA-1 is biphasic: After an initial phase of suppression, chemotaxis toward BCA-1 is strongly up-regulated. Our results suggest that Ag is primarily responsible for reprogramming the B-cell chemotaxis responsiveness during the humoral response. We propose that it initiates an ordered change of the chemotaxis machinery allowing Ag-activated B cells to relocate in the T zone and B-cell follicles sequentially.

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