The effect of surgery for femoral neck fracture on lower limb venous blood flow and its relationship to deep vein thrombosis was investigated in 179 patients. Blood flow was measured using strain gauge plethysmography before surgery, in the 1st week after surgery, and at 6 week review. There was a significant reduction in both venous outflow and venous capacitance, affecting both fractured and non-fractured legs but significantly greater in the fractured leg. Venous function remained significantly impaired in both lower limbs 6 weeks after surgery. There was a significant correlation between the reduction in venous function and the development of deep vein thrombosis.