Identification of functionally important sites in the first intracellular loop of the NaPi-IIa cotransporter

Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2002 Apr;282(4):F687-96. doi: 10.1152/ajprenal.00282.2001.


Intrasequence comparison of the type IIa Na(+)-P(i) cotransport protein revealed two regions with high similarity in the first intracellular (ICL-1) and third extracellular (ECL-3) loops. Because the ECL-3 loop contains functionally important sites that have been identified by cysteine scanning, we applied this method to corresponding sites in the ICL-1 loop. The accessibility of novel cysteines by methanethiosulfonate reagents was assayed electrophysiologically. Mutants N199C and V202C were fully inhibited after methanethiosulfonate ethylammonium exposure, whereas other mutants showed marginal reductions in cotransport function. None showed significant functional loss after exposure to impermeant methanethiosulfonate ethyltrimethylammonium, which suggested a sidedness of Cys modification. Compared with the wild-type (WT), mutant A203C showed altered Na(+) leak kinetics, whereas N199C exhibited decreased apparent substrate affinities. To delineate the role of residue N199 in conferring substrate affinity, other mutations at this site were made. Only two mutants yielded significant (32)P(i) uptake and inward P(i)-induced currents with decreased P(i) affinity; for the others, P(i) application suppressed only the Na(+) leak. We suggest that ICL-1 and ECL-3 sites contribute to the transport pathway and that site N199 is implicated in defining the transport mode.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Biological Transport
  • Cysteine / chemistry
  • Cysteine / metabolism
  • Immunoblotting
  • Indicators and Reagents
  • Kinetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutation
  • Phosphates / metabolism
  • Protein Conformation
  • Rats
  • Sodium / metabolism
  • Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins
  • Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins, Type IIa
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Symporters / chemistry
  • Symporters / genetics
  • Symporters / metabolism*
  • Xenopus laevis


  • Indicators and Reagents
  • Phosphates
  • Slc34a1 protein, rat
  • Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins
  • Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins, Type IIa
  • Symporters
  • Sodium
  • Cysteine