Male pattern baldness: classification and incidence

South Med J. 1975 Nov;68(11):1359-65. doi: 10.1097/00007611-197511000-00009.


The need for a widely accepted, accurate, and reproducible standard of classification for male pattern baldness has increased with the advent and increasing popularity of hair transplant surgery. This report establishes such a classification, and reports its use in determining the incidence of male pattern baldness at various ages in 1,000 white adult male subjects. The action of testosterone as an incitant in male pattern baldness is well known, but this study points out the continued effect of time, even in later years. Since most hair transplant surgery is peformed on subjects with male pattern baldness, and because the success of hair transplant surgery is largely dependent on proper patient selection, a complete understanding of male pattern baldness is essential for consistently good results with hair transplantation.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Alopecia / classification*
  • Alopecia / epidemiology
  • Alopecia / etiology
  • Hair / transplantation
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oklahoma
  • Testosterone / therapeutic use


  • Testosterone