Haplotype analysis in determination of the heredity of erythropoietic protoporphyria among Swiss families

J Invest Dermatol. 2001 Dec;117(6):1521-5. doi: 10.1046/j.0022-202x.2001.01604.x.


Defects in the human ferrochelatase gene lead to the hereditary disorder of erythropoietic protoporphyria. The clinical expression of this autosomal dominant disorder requires an allelic combination of a disabled mutant allele and a low-expressed nonmutant allele. Unlike most other erythropoietic protoporphyria populations, mutations identified among Swiss erythropoietic protoporphyria families to date have been relatively homogeneous. In this study, genotype analysis was conducted in seven Swiss erythropoietic protoporphyria families, three carrying mutation Q59X, two carrying mutation insT213, and two carrying mutation delTACAG(580-584). Three different haplotypes of five known intragenic single nucleotide polymorphisms, namely -251 A/G, IVS1-23C/T, 798 G/C, 921 A/G, and 1520C/T, were identified. Each haplotype was shared by families carrying an identical mutation in the ferrochelatase gene indicating a single mutation event for each of the three mutations. These mutations have been present in the Swiss erythropoietic protoporphyria population for a relatively long time as no common haplotypes of microsatellite markers flanking the ferrochelatase gene were found, except of two conserved regions, telomeric of the insT213 allele and centromeric of the delTACAG(580-584)allele, each with a size > 3 cM. Among the nonmutant ferrochelatase alleles, patients from six erythropoietic protoporphyria families shared a common haplotype [-251G; IVS1-23T] of the first two single nucleotide polymorphisms. An exception was the haplotype [-251 A; IVS1-23C] identified in the index patient of one erythropoietic protoporphyria family. These results supported the recent findings that the low expressed allele is tightly linked to a haplotype [-251G; IVS1-23T] of two intragenic single nucleotide polymorphisms in the ferrochelatase gene.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Family Health
  • Female
  • Ferrochelatase / genetics
  • Founder Effect
  • Haplotypes
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Microsatellite Repeats
  • Pedigree
  • Penetrance
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide*
  • Porphyria, Hepatoerythropoietic / genetics*
  • Switzerland


  • Ferrochelatase