Dynamics of reverse cholesterol transport: protection against atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis. 2002 Apr;161(2):245-54. doi: 10.1016/s0021-9150(01)00677-3.


This review considers the antiatherogenic function of high density lipoprotein (HDL) from the point of view of its dynamics within the sequential steps of reverse cholesterol transport (RCT). It is postulated that the efficiency of cholesterol flux through the RCT pathways is clinically more relevant than the HDL cholesterol concentration. The particular role of pre-beta(1)-HDL is reviewed drawing attention to the relationship between its concentration and the flux of cholesterol through the RCT system.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arteriosclerosis / metabolism*
  • Arteriosclerosis / prevention & control*
  • Biological Transport
  • Cholesterol, HDL / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Primary Prevention
  • Sensitivity and Specificity


  • Cholesterol, HDL