Unilateral occlusion of the middle cerebral artery after varicella-zoster virus infection

Brain Dev. 2002 Mar;24(2):106-8. doi: 10.1016/s0387-7604(02)00005-0.


We report a 4-year-old child who developed hemiplegia 6 months after varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection. Cerebral angiography showed complete occlusion of the right middle cerebral artery with basal moyamoya vessels. Elevation of anti-VZV antibody in the cerebrospinal fluid indicated central nervous system involvement. The association between VZV cerebral angitis and unilateral occlusion of right middle cerebral artery is discussed.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Hemiplegia / virology
  • Herpes Zoster / complications*
  • Herpesvirus 3, Human
  • Humans
  • Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery / diagnostic imaging
  • Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery / virology*
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Radiography