Increased knowledge of the pathophysiology of pain in children and an improved understanding of the pharmacology and pharmacodynamics of multiple agents have provided the clinician with a wide variety of tools to treat postoperative pain in children. The interest in a multimodal approach is kindled by the realization that the combination of a number of therapies can enhance analgesia with fewer untoward side effects. The expertise of other health care professionals should be tapped to open new avenues of treatment. Many therapies still require critical evidence-based evaluations to assess how well they work in larger patient populations. Dedication to research, compassionate patient care, and a willingness to teach the next generation of clinicians will bring us closer to the goal of safe and pain-free surgery.