Histone Modifications in Transcriptional Regulation

Curr Opin Genet Dev. 2002 Apr;12(2):142-8. doi: 10.1016/s0959-437x(02)00279-4.

Abstract

Covalent modifications of the amino termini of the core histones in nucleosomes have important roles in gene regulation. Research in the past two years reveals these modifications to consist of phosphorylation, methylation and ubiquitination, in addition to the better-characterized acetylation. This multiplicity of modifications, and their occurrence in patterns and dependent sequences, argues persuasively for the existence of a histone code.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acetylation
  • Acetyltransferases / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Chromatin / genetics
  • Chromatin / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Histone Acetyltransferases
  • Histone Methyltransferases
  • Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase*
  • Histones* / genetics
  • Histones* / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Methylation
  • Methyltransferases / metabolism
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Methyltransferases
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*

Substances

  • Chromatin
  • Histones
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Histone Methyltransferases
  • Methyltransferases
  • Protein Methyltransferases
  • Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase
  • Acetyltransferases
  • Histone Acetyltransferases