Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Comparative Study
. 1979 Dec;86(6):1841-50.
doi: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.jbchem.a132706.

Isolation and Characterization of Antithrombin III From Human, Porcine and Rabbit Plasma, and Rat Serum

Free article
Comparative Study

Isolation and Characterization of Antithrombin III From Human, Porcine and Rabbit Plasma, and Rat Serum

T Koide. J Biochem. .
Free article

Abstract

1. Human, porcine, rabbit, and rat antithrombin III have been purified by affinity chromatography using heparin-agarose. The amino acid and carbohydrate compositions, amino-terminal sequences, immunological cross-reactivities, and inhibitions of human thrombin were studied. 2. Human, porcine, rabbit, and rat antithrombin III are single-chain glycoproteins containing hexose, glucosamine, and neuraminic acid. 3. The total carbohydrate contents were 17, 16, 14, and 15% for human, porcine, rabbit, and rat antithrombin III, respectively. 4. Molecular weights estimated from the migration in sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-poly-acrylamide gel electrophoresis were 59,000, 58,000, 63,000, and 63,000 for human, porcine rabbit, and rat antithrombin III, respectively. 5. These four proteins have similar amino acid compositions, although some minor differences were noted. 6. Human, porcine, and rabbit antithrombin III have a histidine residue at the amino-terminus, while rat antithrombin III contains an amino-terminal asparagine residue. 7. The amino-terminal sequences up to the first 17 residues showed high homology among the four proteins. 8. Some immunological cross-reactivity was observed only between human and porcine antithrombin III. 9. The apparent dissociation constants (KI) for the complexes between human thrombin and human, porcine, rabbit, and rat antithrombin III were about 1.2 x 10(-10) M, 9.5 X 10 (-9) M, 1.4 X 10(-7) M, and 2.8 X 10(-9) M, respectively.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 9 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

Feedback