Relationship between stages of smoking acquisition and environmental factors among junior high school students

Psychol Rep. 2002 Feb;90(1):257-61. doi: 10.2466/pr0.2002.90.1.257.


To study the relationship of stages of smoking acquisition and environmental factors, 757 Japanese junior high school students (390 boys and 367 girls) anonymously answered a questionnaire regarding the four stages of smoking acquisition (precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, and action stages) and environmental factors of smoking behavior. Analysis showed that the influence of advertising and students' interpersonal situations on smoking behavior increased from the precontemplation stage to the action stage.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Advertising
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Imitative Behavior
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Japan
  • Male
  • Motivation
  • Smoking / psychology*
  • Social Facilitation*