Bronchoscopy and Needle Biopsy Techniques for Diagnosis and Staging of Lung Cancer

Clin Chest Med. 2002 Mar;23(1):137-58, ix. doi: 10.1016/s0272-5231(03)00065-0.


Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States. The individual therapeutic approach and prognosis depends on accurate diagnosis and staging. Flexible bronchoscopy (FB) and transthoracic needle biopsy (TNB) are the most widely used techniques for this purpose. This article provides a critical overview of indications, diagnostic yield, and limitations of bronchoscopy and TNB in the diagnosis of lung cancer.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biopsy, Needle / methods*
  • Bronchoscopy / methods*
  • Bronchoscopy / trends
  • Endosonography / methods
  • Humans
  • Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Lung Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging
  • Lung Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Neoplasm Staging