Chi(1) rotamer populations and angles of mobile surface side chains are accurately predicted by a torsion angle database potential of mean force

J Am Chem Soc. 2002 Mar 27;124(12):2866-7. doi: 10.1021/ja017712p.


The equilibrium angles and distributions of chi(1) rotamers for mobile surface side chains of the small, 63-residue, B1 domain of protein L have been calculated from the static crystal structure by rigid body/torsion angle simulated annealing using a torsion angle database potential of mean force and compared to those deduced by Monte Carlo analysis of side chain residual dipolar couplings measured in solution. Good agreement between theory and experiment is observed, indicating that for side chains undergoing rotamer averaging that is fast on the chemical shift time scale, the equilibrium angles and distribution of chi(1) rotamers are largely determined by the backbone phi/psi torsion angles.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Proteins*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / chemistry*
  • Databases, Protein
  • Monte Carlo Method
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Surface Properties
  • Thermodynamics


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • L-protein, Peptococcus magnus