This study compares the efficacy and safety of gadoteridol with that of gadopentetate dimeglumine for enhanced MRI in subjects with intracranial lesions. A total of 92 subjects at three European centres underwent one MRI study enhanced with 0.1 mmol/kg gadoteridol and another with 0.1 mmol/kg gadopentetate dimeglumine. Contrast agents were assigned in random order, separated by 3-7 days. Eighty subjects were evaluated for efficacy. The presence of pathology, degree of enhancement, location and number of lesions, as well as additional information gained, were compared for each subject's unenhanced and enhanced scans for both the gadoteridol and gadopentetate dimeglumine examination. Safety was evaluated in all treated subjects by means of pre- and post-dose vital signs, laboratory tests and by monitoring for adverse events. There was no significant difference in the number of lesions visualized pre- and post-contrast for the two contrast agents. A high degree of correlation was noted between the two blinded readers. When post-contrast image sets were compared between contrast agents, there was no significant difference in superiority of one agent over the other for any of the evaluators (P > 0.05). No significant differences for any safety parameter were noted between the two agents. Gadoteridol and gadopentetate dimeglumine are effective and well tolerated for use in contrast-enhanced MRI of the CNS at a dose of 0.1 mmol/kg.