Clinical and dynamic range-of-motion techniques in subjects with and without diabetes mellitus

J Am Podiatr Med Assoc. 2002 Mar;92(3):136-42. doi: 10.7547/87507315-92-3-136.


Thirty subjects with type 1 diabetes, 30 subjects with type 2 diabetes, and 30 age- and sex-matched controls were evaluated through clinical goniometry and two-dimensional motion analysis systems to determine the dynamic and static range of motion of the knee, ankle, and hallux joints. The purpose of this study was to determine if the knee and ankle joints of patients with diabetes mellitus are affected by limited joint mobility syndrome. The study results support previous medical literature showing significant reduction of range of motion of the hallux in subjects with type 1 diabetes. Significant differences were found between the range of motion of male and female subjects in all lower-limb joints for both subject groups with diabetes compared to the control group, and male subjects in all groups recorded less range of motion than female subjects.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Ankle Joint / physiopathology
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / physiopathology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / physiopathology*
  • Diabetic Neuropathies / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Knee Joint / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Range of Motion, Articular*
  • Sex Factors
  • Tarsal Joints / physiopathology*