Persons whose socioeconomic status is low have poorer health than other persons and are less likely to have adequate access to care or to receive high-quality clinical and prevention care services. In the United States, diabetes is a potentially debilitating disease that is increasing in prevalence; however, little is known about the socioeconomic status of persons with diabetes. Women account for approximately 52% of all persons aged > or = 20 years with diabetes. To assess the socioeconomic status of women with diabetes, CDC analyzed data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), which indicated that the socioeconomic status of women with diabetes in 2000 was markedly lower than that of women without diabetes. Efforts should be focused to understand the impact of socioeconomic conditions on the health and quality of care of women with diabetes.