Lactobacillus plantarum NCIMB8826 was selected as a bacterial carrier for the development of live mucosal vaccines. This strain was reported to display interesting pharmaco-kinetic properties when fed to human volunteers and is also able to persist in the mouse intestine. The non-toxic C fragment of tetanus toxin (TTFC) was used as a model antigen. Recombinant strains producing TTFC in three cellular locations, intracellular, secreted or cell-surface exposed were compared to each other by immunizing mice through the subcutaneous, intranasal and intragastric routes. The three types of constructs were able to induce strong specific immune responses against TTFC by all routes tested. While cell-surface presentation required lower antigen doses to be immunogenic, the highest IgG serum antibody titers were obtained with the strain producing large amounts of TTFC in the cytoplasm.