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Comparative Study
, 3 (2), 125-34

The Role of Megestrol Acetate as an Alternative to Conventional Hormone Replacement Therapy

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Comparative Study

The Role of Megestrol Acetate as an Alternative to Conventional Hormone Replacement Therapy

E Farish et al. Climacteric.

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the effect of megestrol acetate on menopausal symptoms, lipid metabolism, bone metabolism and coagulation.

Methods: In a prospective observational study, 71 postmenopausal women, for whom conventional hormone replacement therapy (HRT) was unsuitable, were treated with megestrol acetate 40 mg per day. At 0, 3, 6 and 12 months, fasting lipoproteins, bone biochemistry and thrombophilia profiles were measured and symptom score cards (Greene climacteric scale) completed. Bone mineral density measurement was performed at 0 and 12 months.

Results: Forty-one women completed the study. Treatment produced significant decreases in psychological (p < 0.001), vasomotor (p < 0.001) and somatic (p < 0.01) symptoms. There were significant reductions in triglycerides (p < 0.001), total cholesterol (p < 0.001), very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) (p < 0.05), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (p < 0.001), high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (p < 0.001) and lipoprotein(a) (p < 0.001). Levels of protein C were reduced (p < 0.05) and fibrinogen increased (p < 0.05). Protein S, plasminogen and antithrombin III levels showed an upward trend, which did not reach statistical significance. Biochemical markers of bone turnover did not change, apart from a significant decrease in alkaline phosphatase. Spinal bone density decreased significantly after 12 months, while femoral neck density remained unchanged.

Conclusions: Megestrol acetate controls menopausal symptoms, has equivocal effects on cardiovascular risk markers and does not increase bone density. It is useful where estrogen is contraindicated.

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