Exposures in the painting trades and paint manufacturing industry and risk of cancer among men and women in Sweden

J Occup Environ Med. 2002 Mar;44(3):258-64. doi: 10.1097/00043764-200203000-00013.


Using data from the 1960 and 1970 Swedish censuses and the Swedish Cancer Register for 1971 to 1989, this study investigated variations in cancer risk by gender associated with employment in painting trades and paint manufacturing. Among men, standardized incidence ratios were significantly increased for lung cancer among painters and lacquerers; bladder cancer among artists; and pancreas cancer, lung cancer, and nonlymphocytic leukemia among paint and varnish plant workers. Risks for women were elevated for cancers of the esophagus, larynx, and oral cavity among lacquerers and for oral cancer among glaziers. These findings are consistent with the report of the International Agency for Research on Cancer that classified painting as an occupationally related cause of cancer and provide further evidence that the risk of certain cancers is increased by exposures in the paint manufacturing process.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Chemical Industry*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Confidence Intervals
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms / chemically induced*
  • Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Occupational Diseases / diagnosis
  • Occupational Diseases / epidemiology
  • Occupational Exposure / adverse effects*
  • Paint / adverse effects*
  • Probability
  • Registries
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Distribution
  • Survival Rate
  • Sweden / epidemiology