A multicenter, randomized, investigator-blinded study of 5- and 10-day gatifloxacin versus 10-day amoxicillin/clavulanate in patients with acute bacterial sinusitis

Clin Ther. 2002 Feb;24(2):269-81. doi: 10.1016/s0149-2918(02)85023-8.


Background: Treatment guidelines for acute bacterial sinusitis recommend 10 to 14 days of therapy with amoxicillin/clavulanate, high-dose amoxicillin, cefpodoxime, cefuroxime, or a newer fluoroquinolone.

Objective: This study compared the clinical efficacy of short-course (5-day) gatifloxacin with standard 10-day regimens of amoxicillin/clavulanate or gatifloxacin in patients with a diagnosis of acute, uncomplicated maxillary sinusitis.

Methods: This was a multicenter, investigator-blinded study in adult patients (age >18 years) with physical findings, signs and symptoms (for at least 7 days), and radiographic findings indicating acute, uncomplicated maxillary sinusitis. Patients were randomized to receive gatifloxacin 400 mg once daily for 5 days, gatifloxacin 400 mg once daily for 10 days, or amoxicillin/clavulanate 875 mg twice daily for 10 days. Clinical response was assessed once between days 3 and 5 of treatment, once I to 3 days after the completion of study treatment, once 7 to 14 days posttreatment (test-of-cure visit), and once 21 to 28 days posttreatment. Safety was assessed throughout the study.

Results: The study enrolled 445 patients. The treatment groups were similar in terms of history of sinusitis, presenting signs and symptoms, and radiographic findings. The most common presenting symptoms were nasal congestion, sinus tenderness, and purulent nasal discharge (>90% of patients); 99% of patients had abnormal radiographic findings. At the test-of-cure visit, clinical cure rates for clinically evaluable patients in the 3 treatment groups were 74% (102/137) for 5-day gatifloxacin, 80% (101/127) for 10-day gatifloxacin, and 72% (101/ 141) for 10-day amoxicillin/clavulanate (95% CI for the difference in cure rates: 5-day gatifloxacin vs amoxicillin/clavulanate, -7.6 to 13.2; 5- vs 10-day gatifloxacin, -15.2 to 5.1; 10-day gatifloxacin vs amoxicillin/clavulanate, -2.3 to 18.1). The distribution and incidence of drug-related adverse events (AEs) were comparable between treatment groups, and the majority (>95%) were mild or moderate in severity. The most common drug-related AEs included vaginitis, diarrhea, and nausea.

Conclusion: In this population of patients with acute, uncomplicated sinusitis of presumed bacterial origin, a short course (5 days) of gatifloxacin therapy was associated with comparable clinical cure rates and tolerability to those of standard 10-day therapy with gatifloxacin or amoxicillin/clavulanate.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination / adverse effects
  • Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination / therapeutic use*
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / adverse effects
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Anti-Infective Agents / adverse effects
  • Anti-Infective Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Drug Therapy, Combination / adverse effects
  • Drug Therapy, Combination / therapeutic use*
  • Female
  • Fluoroquinolones*
  • Gatifloxacin
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Maxillary Sinusitis / drug therapy*
  • Middle Aged
  • Single-Blind Method


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Fluoroquinolones
  • Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination
  • Gatifloxacin