Measuring self-assessment: current state of the art

Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2002;7(1):63-80. doi: 10.1023/a:1014585522084.


The competent physician pursues lifelong learning through the recognition of deficiencies and the formulation of appropriate learning goals. Despite the accepted theoretical value of self-assessment, studies have consistently shown that the accuracy of self-assessment is poor. This paper examines the methodological issues that plague the measurement of self-assessment ability and presents several strategies that address these methodological problems within the current paradigm. In addition, the article proposes an alternative conceptualization of self-assessment and describes its associated methods. The conclusions of prior research in this domain must be re-examined in light of the common pitfalls encountered in the design of the studies and the analyses of the data. Future efforts to elucidate self-assessment phenomena need to consider the implications of this review.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Education, Medical*
  • Educational Measurement / methods*
  • Humans
  • Self-Assessment
  • Self-Evaluation Programs*