Psychiatric presentations of non-HIV infectious diseases. Neurocysticercosis, Lyme disease, and pediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorder associated with streptococcal infection

Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2002 Mar;25(1):1-16. doi: 10.1016/s0193-953x(03)00049-2.


Infectious diseases can cause an array of symptoms, including psychiatric symptoms. Psychiatrists serving the medically ill need to be aware not only of classic infectious diseases (e.g., neurosyphilis and HIV), but also of less commonly discussed infectious diseases (e.g., NCC, PANDAS, and Lyme disease). These examples represent an internationally endemic disease (e.g., NCC), a probable immunogenetic disease (e.g., PANDAS), and a frequently overdiagnosed and overtreated disease (Lyme disease).

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Brain / pathology
  • Child
  • Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS / diagnosis
  • Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS / psychology*
  • Diagnostic Imaging
  • Humans
  • Lyme Neuroborreliosis / diagnosis
  • Lyme Neuroborreliosis / psychology*
  • Neurocognitive Disorders / diagnosis
  • Neurocognitive Disorders / psychology*
  • Neurocysticercosis / diagnosis
  • Neurocysticercosis / psychology*
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder / diagnosis
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder / psychology
  • Streptococcal Infections / diagnosis
  • Streptococcal Infections / psychology*