National MOTTEP: Educating to Prevent the Need for Transplantation. Minority Organ Tissue Transplant Education Program

Ethn Dis. Winter 2002;12(1):S1-34-7.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine whether participation in culturally appropriate, community-developed, health education programs addressing organ/tissue donation and preventing the need for transplantation, is an effective strategy for contributing to sustained behavior change among members of minority population groups. Within 15 target cities, 800 (40%) minority participants consented to a 2-3 month telephone follow-up survey. The 5-item questionnaire using items extracted from the pre- and post-survey instrument, addressed: 1) knowledge and beliefs; 2) willingness to sign donor cards and have family discussions; and 3) prevention/health behaviors. The preliminary findings based on telephone interviews with 253 participants indicate the following: [table: see text] The conclusions indicate that the community-based, culturally appropriate health education strategies used contributed to and sustained behavior changes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Attitude to Health / ethnology*
  • Female
  • Health Behavior / ethnology
  • Health Education / organization & administration*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Minority Groups / education*
  • Needs Assessment*
  • Population Surveillance
  • Primary Prevention / organization & administration
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Tissue Donors
  • Tissue Transplantation / statistics & numerical data*
  • Tissue and Organ Procurement / standards*
  • Tissue and Organ Procurement / trends
  • United States