Role of TGF-beta in the retinoic acid-induced inhibition of proliferation and melanin synthesis in chick retinal pigment epithelial cells in vitro

Cell Biol Int. 2001;25(11):1125-9. doi: 10.1006/cbir.2001.0795.


The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of all-trans retinoic acid (RA) on the induction of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) that is concerned with the proliferation and melanin synthesis of chick retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells in vitro. Chick RPE cells were cultured in the presence or absence of RA and anti-TGF-beta antibody for 7 days. The effects of RA and pan-specific TGF-beta antibody on RPE cell proliferation were assessed by counting the number of cells, and their effects on melanin synthesis were evaluated by measuring the melanin content of the cells. TGF-beta activity in the culture supernatant of RPE cells was measured using CCL-64 cells. RA significantly inhibited RPE cell proliferation and increased melanin synthesis. The addition of pan-specific TGF-beta antibody to the culture blocked the inhibition of RPE cell proliferation and the increased melanin synthesis. RA induced TGF-beta production in the culture supernatant of RPE cells. These findings indicate that RA regulates the proliferation and melanin synthesis of RPE cells via induction of TGF-beta.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation / drug effects
  • Cell Division / drug effects
  • Cell Division / physiology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chick Embryo
  • Keratolytic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Melanins / biosynthesis*
  • Pigment Epithelium of Eye / cytology
  • Pigment Epithelium of Eye / physiology*
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta / physiology*
  • Tretinoin / pharmacology*
  • Tretinoin / physiology


  • Keratolytic Agents
  • Melanins
  • Transforming Growth Factor beta
  • Tretinoin