The molecular basis of severe type I factor (F)VII deficiency was investigated in two Algerian patients. One patient, a 13-year-old-girl who has suffered from severe bleeding since birth, was homozygous for a 7-bp deletion (nt 7774-7780) and a 251-bp insertion (nt 7773-7781) of mitochondrial origin, in IVS 4 acceptor splice site. The other patient, an infant who died from massive intracranial haemorrhage, was homozygous for a transversion in the IVS 7 donor splice site (T9726+2-->G) and a missense mutation in exon 8 (G10588-->A; Arg224-->Gln). In both cases, the deleterious mutations are probably the splice site junction abnormalities impairing mRNA processing. These three lesions have not yet been reported.