Predictive value of short-wavelength automated perimetry: a 3-year follow-up study

Ophthalmology. 2002 Apr;109(4):761-5. doi: 10.1016/s0161-6420(01)01014-4.


Purpose: To determine whether structural changes in the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and functional abnormalities in short-wavelength automated perimetry (SWAP) can predict the onset of functional losses in standard automated perimetry patients suspected of having glaucoma.

Design: Prospective observational case series.

Participants: A total of 160 eyes of ocular hypertensive subjects (intraocular pressure greater than 21 mmHg and normal standard automated perimetry) were included in the study.

Interventions: The subjects underwent RNFL photographic evaluation and SWAP. Standard automated perimetries were repeated after 3 years to evaluate glaucomatous losses.

Main outcome measures: Onset of glaucomatous defects in conventional automated perimetry after 3 years of follow-up, with or without prior glaucomatous defects in RNFL and SWAP.

Results: At the beginning of the study, 77 eyes showed RNFL losses (48%), and 58 eyes showed abnormalities in SWAP (36%). After the 3-year follow-up period, 14 of 77 eyes with RNFL losses had standard automated perimetry abnormalities (predicting sensitivity 93%), whereas 11 of 58 eyes with abnormal SWAP had standard automated perimetry losses (73% sensitivity).

Conclusions: RNFL and SWAP losses are signs of early glaucomatous damage and can predict functional losses in standard automated perimetry.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • False Positive Reactions
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intraocular Pressure
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nerve Fibers / pathology
  • Ocular Hypertension / diagnosis*
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prospective Studies
  • Retinal Ganglion Cells / pathology
  • Vision Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Visual Field Tests / methods*
  • Visual Fields*