[Halitosis, foetor ex ore]

Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd. 1998 Sep;105(9):314-7.
[Article in Dutch]


Objective: To review the results of a multidisciplinary approach on halitosis.

Design: Descriptive.

Setting: University Hospital Leuven, Belgium.

Methods: Review of the data on etiology, diagnosis and therapy of halitosis, obtained by a multidisciplinary team consisting of ENT specialists, periodontologists and a psychiatrist. Malodour was confirmed by a halimeter.

Results: 491 patients, equally males and females, with a concentration between 20-50 years of age were seen. Oral causes (87%) were due to tongue coating (51%), gingivitis (17%), periodontitis (15%) or combinations 17%). The other 13% causes were due to ENT-related problems (4%), both ENT and oral (3%), digestive tract (1%) and presumed psychic (5%).

Conclusion: Halitosis is a rather unknown medical problem that often can be solved by a multidisciplinary approach.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Halitosis / diagnosis
  • Halitosis / etiology*
  • Halitosis / therapy
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases / physiopathology
  • Patient Care Team
  • Retrospective Studies