Understanding the knowledge and attitudes of commercial drivers in Ghana regarding alcohol impaired driving

Inj Prev. 2002 Mar;8(1):53-6. doi: 10.1136/ip.8.1.53.

Abstract

Objectives: The knowledge and attitudes of commercial drivers in Ghana as regards alcohol impaired driving were investigated. This was done in order to provide information that could subsequently be used to develop antidrunk driving social marketing messages built upon the intrinsic values and motivation of these drivers.

Methods: Focus group discussions were held with 43 bus and minibus drivers in the capitol city, Accra. A structured discussion guide was used to capture information related to values, risk perceptions, leisure time activities, and attitudes on alcohol impaired driving.

Results: The majority of drivers expressed an understanding that drunk driving was a significant risk factor for crashes. There was a significant under-appreciation of the extent of the problem, however. Most believed that it was only rare, extremely intoxicated drivers who were the problem. The drivers also had a minimal understanding of the concept of blood alcohol concentration and related legal limits. Despite these factors, there was widespread support for increased enforcement of existing antidrunk driving laws.

Conclusions: In Ghana, commercial drivers understand the basic danger of drunk driving and are motivated to assist in antidrunk driving measures. There are misconceptions and deficits in knowledge that need to be addressed in subsequent educational campaigns.

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Traffic / prevention & control*
  • Accidents, Traffic / psychology
  • Adult
  • Alcohol Drinking* / psychology
  • Automobile Driving*
  • Focus Groups
  • Ghana
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Risk Factors