Demonstration of the artery of Adamkiewicz at multi- detector row helical CT

Radiology. 2002 Apr;223(1):39-45. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2231010513.


Purpose: To assess the ability of multi-detector row helical computed tomography (CT) to depict the artery of Adamkiewicz.

Materials and methods: Seventy patients with vascular diseases underwent multi-detector row helical CT of the entire aorta and iliac arteries. The artery of Adamkiewicz was examined on multiplanar and curved planar reformation images and on cine-mode displays. The visualization of the artery of Adamkiewicz, as well as its branching level and side of origin, was investigated.

Results: In 63 (90%) of the 70 patients, at least a single artery of Adamkiewicz was clearly visualized from the intervertebral foramen to the hairpin-shaped union with the anterior spinal artery. Two arteries of Adamkiewicz were identified in 15 (24%) of 63 patients. Fifty-five arteries of Adamkiewicz (71%) originated from the left side. Seventy-two (92%) originated between T8 and L1. Neither the intercostal vein nor the posterior spinal vein were visualized in 57 of 63 patients. Continuity of the entire length, starting from the stem of the intercostal or lumbar artery and proceeding to the artery of Adamkiewicz and finally to the anterior spinal artery, was traceable on cine-mode displays or on curved planar reformation images in 20 of 63 patients.

Conclusion: Multi-detector row helical CT depicts the artery of Adamkiewicz in a high percentage of patients.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Angiography
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Spine / blood supply*
  • Spine / diagnostic imaging
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed* / methods