Seizure disorders and epilepsy

Lippincotts Prim Care Pract. Nov-Dec 2000;4(6):608-18.

Abstract

Seizures are uncontrolled hypersynchronous electrical discharges of neurons in the brain that interfere with normal function. They are a symptom of an underlying disorder. Epilepsy is a condition of recurring seizures that do not have a reversible metabolic cause. Seizures can be confused with a variety of other conditions, so an understanding of seizure manifestations is crucial in making an accurate diagnosis. Drug therapy is the mainstay of epilepsy treatment, but surgery and vagal nerve stimulation are options for selected refractory cases. Psychosocial consequences of recurring seizures are often more significant to patients than the seizures themselves.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anticonvulsants / therapeutic use
  • Child
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Emergencies
  • Epilepsy* / diagnosis
  • Epilepsy* / etiology
  • Epilepsy* / physiopathology
  • Epilepsy* / therapy
  • Humans

Substances

  • Anticonvulsants