Evidence for the existence of definitive hepatic cholesterol precursor compartments for bile acids and biliary cholesterol in man

Gastroenterology. 1975 Dec;69(6):1379-82.


A bile fistula patient was administered intravenously a constant infusion of [3H]mevalonic acid for 4 hrs, and then after 2 weeks he was given a pulse of [3H]mevalonic acid. Bile and blood were collected at frequent intervals. The specific activity-time course curves did not show a precursor-product relationship between biliary cholesterol, plasma free cholesterol and bile acids. Both the constant infusion and pulse labeling data indicated that the bile acid precursor had a more rapid rate of turnover than plasma or biliary cholesterol; the biliary cholesterol precursor turned over more rapidly than plasma cholesterol. The data suggest the presence of multiple hepatic cholesterol precursor compartments. Bile acids may be derived predominantly from newly synthesized cholesterol in man.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Bile Acids and Salts / metabolism*
  • Biliary Fistula / metabolism
  • Cholesterol / biosynthesis*
  • Humans
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Mevalonic Acid / metabolism
  • Middle Aged


  • Bile Acids and Salts
  • Cholesterol
  • Mevalonic Acid