Background: Macular rotation surgery comprises surgical extraction of choroidal neovascular membranes in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and translocation of the foveal neural retina over adjacent retinal pigment epithelium.
Objective: To determine whether macular translocation with 360 degrees retinotomy can stabilize and/or improve visual acuity in patients with subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to AMD.
Design: This study consisted of a standardized surgical procedure on a series of 90 consecutive patients and follow-up examinations at fixed intervals for 12 months.
Participants: All patients in this study had experienced recent visual loss resulting from subfoveal CNV caused by AMD. Twenty-six patients had major macular subretinal hemorrhage, 39 patients had occult subfoveal CNV, and 25 patients had classic subfoveal CNV.
Methods: Macular translocation surgery was performed between 1997 and 1999. The patients were examined preoperatively and at 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively, including visual acuity, microperimetry, angiography, and orthoptic assessment.
Results: Visual acuity increased by 15 or more letters in 24 patients, remained stable in 37 patients, and deteriorated by 15 or more letters in 29 patients at 12 months postoperatively. A secondary procedure was necessary in 17 patients because of severe complications; proliferative vitreoretinopathy was observed in 17 eyes, macular pucker in 5 eyes, and macular hole in 1 patient.
Conclusion: Macular translocation is a technically demanding surgical procedure. Although the procedure has a high rate of surgical and postoperative complications, the functional and anatomical results appear to be promising for selected patients with subfoveal CNV secondary to AMD.