Bacterial amino acid transport proteins: occurrence, functions, and significance for biotechnological applications

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2002 Mar;58(3):265-74. doi: 10.1007/s00253-001-0869-4. Epub 2001 Dec 21.


Transport processes play a pivotal role in cellular metabolism, e.g. for the uptake of nutrients or the excretion of metabolic waste products. Moreover, they are also important in biotechnological processes such as the production of various amino acids by the use of microorganisms. The focus of this review is on bacterial amino acid transport systems, in particular those of Corynebacterium glutamicum and Escherichia coli, with respect to their function and biotechnological significance.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Transport Systems / analysis*
  • Amino Acid Transport Systems / genetics
  • Amino Acid Transport Systems / physiology*
  • Amino Acids / biosynthesis*
  • Amino Acids / physiology*
  • Bacterial Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Bacterial Proteins / classification
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics
  • Bacterial Proteins / physiology*
  • Biological Transport
  • Biotechnology / methods*
  • Corynebacterium / physiology
  • Escherichia coli / physiology
  • Models, Biological


  • Amino Acid Transport Systems
  • Amino Acids
  • Bacterial Proteins