Downstream sequence elements with different affinities for the hnRNP H/H' protein influence the processing efficiency of mammalian polyadenylation signals

Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Apr 15;30(8):1842-50. doi: 10.1093/nar/30.8.1842.


Auxiliary factors likely play an important role in determining the polyadenylation efficiency of mammalian pre-mRNAs. We previously identified an auxiliary factor, hnRNP H/H', which stimulates 3'-end processing through an interaction with sequences downstream of the core elements of the SV40 late polyadenylation signal. Using in vitro reconstitution assays we have demonstrated that hnRNP H/H' can stimulate processing of two additional model polyadenylation signals by binding at similar relative downstream locations but with significantly different affinities. A short tract of G residues was determined to be a common property of all three hnRNP H/H' binding sites. A survey of mammalian polyadenylation signals identified potential G-rich hnRNP H/H' binding sites at similar downstream locations in approximately 34% of these signals. All of the novel G-rich elements tested were found to bind hnRNP H/H' protein and the processing of selected signals identified in the survey was stimulated by the protein both in vivo and in vitro. Downstream G-rich tracts, therefore, are a common auxiliary element in mammalian polyadenylation signals. Sequences capable of binding hnRNP H protein with varying affinities may play a role in determining the processing efficiency of a significant number of mammalian polyadenylation signals.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • 3' Flanking Region
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • Cell Line
  • Conserved Sequence
  • Guanosine Triphosphate / metabolism
  • Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein Group F-H
  • Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoproteins
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Polyadenylation*
  • Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid*
  • Ribonucleoproteins / genetics
  • Ribonucleoproteins / metabolism*
  • Transcriptional Activation
  • Uridine Triphosphate / chemistry


  • Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein Group F-H
  • Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoproteins
  • Ribonucleoproteins
  • Guanosine Triphosphate
  • Uridine Triphosphate