Cell adhesion kinase beta (CAKbeta/PYK2) is a protein-tyrosine kinase of the focal adhesion kinase (FAK) family. Whereas FAK predominantly localizes at focal adhesions, CAK beta localizes at the perinuclear region in fibroblasts. Here we expressed in cultured cells two point mutants of CAKbeta, P717A and P859A, each of which had lost one of its two PXXP motifs, the ligand sequence for SH3 domains, found at the CAKbeta C-terminal region. We observed a remarkable change in the subcellular distribution of the P859A mutant; while that of the P717A mutant was the same as the wild type. The P859A mutant localized exclusively in the cell nucleus in all cell lines examined. Wild-type CAKbeta also accumulated in the nucleus when cells were treated with an inhibitor of the nuclear export of proteins. These results indicate that CAK beta shuttles between the cytoplasm and the nucleus. On nuclear accumulation of P859A-CAKbeta, a CAKbeta-binding protein, Hic-5, also accumulated in the nucleus. P859A-CAKbeta and co-expressed Hic-5 formed nuclear speckles, in which one other CAK beta-binding protein, p130(Cas), was also concentrated. These findings on nuclear translocation of CAK beta imply that CAKbeta may regulate nuclear processes such as transcription, particularly because Hic-5 was recently shown to be a coactivator of nuclear receptors.