Determination of division plane and organization of contractile ring in Tetrahymena

Cell Struct Funct. 2001 Dec;26(6):593-601. doi: 10.1247/csf.26.593.


In the molecular mechanism of division plane determination and contractile ring formation, Tetrahymena 85kDa protein (p85) is localized to the presumptive division plane before the formation of the contractile ring. p85 directly interacts with Tetrahymena calmodulin (CaM) in a Ca2+-dependent manner, and p85 and CaM colocalize in the division furrow. A Ca2+/CaM inhibitor N-(6-Aminohexyl)-5-chloro-1-naphthalenesulfonamide HCI (W7) inhibits the direct interaction between p85 and Ca2+/CaM. W7 also inhibits the localization of p85 and CaM to the division plane, and the formation of the contractile ring and division furrow. In addition, p85 binds to G-actin in a Ca2+/CaM dependent manner, but does not bind F-actin. Tetrahymena profilin is localized to division furrow and binds Tetrahymena elongation factor-1alpha (EF-1alpha). EF-1alpha, which induces bundling of Tetrahymena F-actin, is also localized to the division furrow during cytokinesis. The evidence also indicates that Ca2+/CaM inhibits the F-actin-bundling activity of EF-1alpha, and that EF-1alpha and CaM colocalize in the division furrow. In this review, we propose that the Ca2+/CaM signal and its target protein p85 cooperatively regulate the determination of the division plane and the initiation of the contractile ring formation, and that profilin and a Ca2+/CaM-sensitive actin-bundling protein, EF-1alpha, play pivotal roles in regulating the organization of the contractile ring microfilaments.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Actins / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Calmodulin / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Calmodulin / genetics
  • Calmodulin / metabolism*
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism*
  • Cell Division / physiology*
  • Contractile Proteins*
  • Microfilament Proteins / metabolism
  • Models, Biological
  • Peptide Elongation Factor 1 / metabolism
  • Profilins
  • Protozoan Proteins / genetics
  • Protozoan Proteins / metabolism
  • Tetrahymena / cytology*
  • Tetrahymena / physiology


  • Actins
  • Calmodulin
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Contractile Proteins
  • Microfilament Proteins
  • Peptide Elongation Factor 1
  • Profilins
  • Protozoan Proteins
  • p85 protein, Tetrahymena