Combined liver-kidney transplantation in a 15-year-old boy with alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency

J Hepatol. 2002 Apr;36(4):565-8. doi: 10.1016/s0168-8278(02)00012-0.


Alpha1-antitrypsin (1-AT) deficiency is the most common genetic cause of liver disease in infants and children. The major clinical manifestations include liver disease (primarily in children) and emphysema in adults. For patients who progress to cirrhosis and liver failure, liver transplantation provides a metabolic cure for the deficiency and presumably prevents the associated complications. Several case reports in the pediatric literature describe glomerulonephritis in the setting of severe 1-AT deficiency, but this association is less well documented in adults. End-stage chronic kidney disease is a rare finding in the literature and kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice. We report on a 15-year-old boy with 1-AT deficiency and consequent end-stage liver disease and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis rapidly progressing to renal failure, who successfully underwent combined liver-kidney transplantation.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Glomerulonephritis, Membranoproliferative / complications
  • Humans
  • Kidney Transplantation*
  • Liver Failure / complications
  • Liver Failure / surgery
  • Liver Transplantation*
  • Male
  • Renal Insufficiency / etiology
  • Renal Insufficiency / surgery
  • Treatment Outcome
  • alpha 1-Antitrypsin Deficiency / complications
  • alpha 1-Antitrypsin Deficiency / surgery*